Top 5 Data Science Careers to Explore in 2021!

In recent years, technology advances have enabled data science to expand beyond data purification and statistical methods to become a topic covering everything from data analysis to predictive analytics and business intelligence. Others believe that data science is a fleeting trend. In this situation, though, the opposite is true. An increasing interest in data science is because all enterprises (and government organizations) rely on data to better what they do and how they do it.

Data Science isn’t just a catchphrase for our future capabilities; companies across the board are currently employing it. From data-driven strategies to decision-making, the actual value of Data Science has been recognized, resulting in a plethora of exciting employment opportunities.

What is Data Science?

As a result of the vast and ever-increasing volumes of data acquired and created by today’s organizations, data science is a multidisciplinary technique to deriving meaningful insights. As part of data science, you must prepare data for analysis and processing, do complex data analysis, and present the results in a way that reveals trends and allows stakeholders to draw informed conclusions.

Data science combines computer science and statistics, two related but different fields, to convert massive amounts of data into actionable insights and predictions. It permeates our daily lives in ways that aren’t limited to the digital sector. Data scientists are making gains in various industries, providing organizations with the information they need to achieve their objectives and generate solutions.

In-Demand Data Science Opportunities

Skills and expertise in data science continue to be in high demand as a potential career option. Successful data professionals realize that they must go beyond the conventional abilities to evaluate vast volumes of data, data mining, and programming skills to be successful today. As a result, data scientists must grasp the whole spectrum of the data science life cycle to find relevant insight for their businesses.

1. Data Analyst

As a Data Analyst, you will generally be responsible for,

  • Create and maintain data systems and databases, including programming errors and other data-related difficulties.
  • Gather data from primary and secondary sources and organize it in a way that both people and robots can understand.
  • Statistics are used to analyze data sets and find patterns and trends that may be utilized for diagnostic and predictive analytics.
  • Depicting how local, national, and global trends affect their company and industry.
  • Preparing management reports that include trends, patterns, and projections based on pertinent data
  • Identifying process improvement possibilities, proposed system improvements, and developed data governance strategies with programmers, engineers, and management heads.
  • Final analysis reports are prepared to help stakeholders comprehend the data-analysis procedures and make crucial decisions based on numerous facts and trends.

As a data analyst, you must be familiar with database languages like SQL, R, or Python, spreadsheet tools like Microsoft Excel or Google Sheets, and data visualization applications like Tableau or Qlik. Mathematical and statistical abilities are also useful for gathering, measuring, organizing, and analyzing data.

2. Data Engineer

As a Data Engineer, you will generally be responsible for,

  • Determine how to enhance data accuracy, efficiency, and quality.
  • On collected and stored data, do batch or real-time processing.
  • Building and maintaining data pipelines inside an organization to establish a comprehensive and linked data ecosystem.
  • Identifying patterns in data sets and creating algorithms to make raw data more valuable

As a data engineer, skillset, Python, Java, SQL database design experience, Data Warehousing, and Data Architecture are all required. For those with IT or similar experience (such as mathematics and analytics), a Bootcamp or certification might help you customize your CV to data engineering opportunities.

3. BI Analyst

As a BI Analyst, you will generally be responsible for,

  • Learning and comprehending the data environment in databases and applications is essential.
  • Using and improving data collection methods
  • Validating and reviewing data
  • Getting a sense of what end users want in terms of reporting and dashboards
  • Creating dashboards and reports, as well as assisting users with them
  • Sharing information with top management and the rest of the company

BI analysts generally use the company’s internal databases or data stored in a central data warehouse for analysis and data modeling design. Hard skills like programming, data modeling, and statistics are combined with soft skills such as communication, analytical thinking, and problem-solving to establish this profession. The candidate must have a well-rounded experience in IT and business to balance the lines between the two.

4. Data Scientist

As a Data Scientist, you will generally be responsible for,

  • The Discovery process begins with the correct questions.
  • Initial data investigation and exploratory data analysis
  • Choose one or more potential models and algorithms
  • Use data science approaches, such as machine learning, statistical modeling, and artificial intelligence
  • Results should be measured and improved.
  • Present the final results to the stakeholders
  • Repeat the method to solve a new problem.

For this position, you’ll need to know a few programming languages such as SQL and C/Java. You’ll also need to have solid database design and coding skills. A degree in mathematics, engineering, computer science, or a scientific-related field is usually required. Still, if you have the mathematical aptitude and some programming expertise, other courses, such as business, economics, psychology, or health, may be helpful.

5. Data Architect

As a Data Architect, you will generally be responsible for,

  • Develop data-centric solutions by working collaboratively with teams to collect and interpret information needs into data.
  • To fulfill technical and business goals, ensure that industry-accepted data architectural principles and standards are integrated and followed for modeling, stored procedures, replication, regulations, and security, among other ideas.
  • Continuously improve the quality, consistency, accessibility, and security of our data activities across all corporate demands.

If you’re a new graduate looking to work as a Data Architect, start with internships in network administration and application design before moving on to Database Administrators. By improving your database administration, data modeling, and data warehousing skills, you may progress your career to a Data Architect’s profile.

To work as a Data Architect, you must have a bachelor’s degree in computer science, computer engineering, or a similar field. The curriculum should include data management, programming, application design, big data advancements, systems analysis, and technological architectures.

Closing Thoughts

If you want to get into data science, there are a few things you can do to prepare yourself for these demanding yet interesting positions. Perhaps most significantly, you’ll need to impress potential employers by displaying your knowledge and experience. Pursuing an advanced degree program in your field of interest is one way to get such expertise. Now that you’re aware of your data science employment options, the next step is to discover the proper data science projects to study and upgrade yourself. ProjectPro can assist you in getting started with diverse solved end-to-end machine learning and data science projects to help you strengthen your portfolio and get you hired.

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