Melasma is a common skin condition that can cause brown or gray patches on the face. Though it is commonly seen in pregnant women, it can affect anyone. There are three different types, each with its own set of symptoms and treatment options. Keep reading to learn more about the three different types of melasma and how you can treat it!
Epidermal Melasma – Affects The Top Layer Of Skin And Is Usually Lighter In Color.
Epidermal melasma is a type of skin discoloration caused by hormonal changes and excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation. This condition primarily affects the top layer of the skin in areas such as the forehead, nose, cheeks, and upper lip. Usually, it has a lighter color than other skin conditions. The exact cause of epidermal melasma is unknown; however, genetics plays an important role since it tends to be more prevalent in certain populations with higher levels of melanin in their skin. Treatment options for this condition include topical treatments such as creams or gels containing hydroquinone, kojic acid, retinoids, or combinations thereof. In some cases, oral medication may also be recommended. If you have light-colored areas on your face that do not tan easily or quickly, it is worth visiting your doctor to discuss treatment options that can help reduce the appearance of epidermal melasma.
Dermal Melasma – Penetrates Deeper Into The Skin And Is Typically Darker In Color.
Dermal melasma is a type of discoloration that typically appears as a tan or dark brown color on the face. It can occur in any part of the face, including the forehead, cheeks, or chin. While most types of skin discoloration are caused by sun exposure or hormones, dermal melasma penetrates deeper into the skin and is usually darker in color. It is more difficult to treat than other forms of hyperpigmentation, so if it’s not treated quickly, it can become permanent.
Fortunately, there are treatments available for people with dermal melasma. Depending on how strong your symptoms are and how quickly you want them to fade away, you may be able to choose from laser treatments and peels, which can drastically reduce their appearance.
Mixed Melasma – A Combination Of Both Epidermal & Dermal
Mixed melasma is a common form of facial hyperpigmentation. It is a combination of both epidermal and dermal melasma, with the former affecting the outer layer of skin and the latter affecting the deeper layers. It can appear in different forms and on various parts of the body, from brown patches on the cheeks to more generalized pigmentation. Fortunately, there are multiple treatments available to reduce or diminish its appearance. The best approach depends on each individual’s skin type and the severity of their melasma, so it’s recommended that you consult a dermatologist for evaluation and personalized guidance.
Melasma is a skin condition that can be difficult to treat because it tends to come back. The most effective approach to treating it is to create skincare habits that will minimize flare-ups while also providing long-term prevention and treatment. This means avoiding too much sun exposure, using skin care products with natural ingredients like glycolic acid, vitamin C and Kojic Acid, as well as developing healthy skin care habits such as always removing makeup before bedtime and moisturizing regularly. Doing so can help reduce the chance of future flare-ups and allow for easier treatment when necessary.
If you have melasma, it is important to understand which type you have so that you can treat it effectively. Epidermal is the most common and affects the top layer of the skin. It is usually lighter in color. Dermal penetrates deeper into the skin and is typically darker in color. Mixed melasma is a combination of both epidermal and dermal. If you are not sure which type of melasma you have, consult a dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis.