The influence of colours in the interior on human psychology

People at the subconscious level strive for comfortable conditions. Convenience and comfort in the apartment are made up of several factors. Among them are a fresh renovation, a comfortable layout of the home, the arrangement of furniture, and the serviceability of all systems. An important factor, which also should not be forgotten, is the colour scheme of furniture and interior.

Certain colours excite the nervous system or have a calming effect. The human retina contains more than 130 million light-sensitive nerve cells, which makes it possible to distinguish 5 million shades of colour. At the same time, let’s say, cats are weakly distinguished red and do not see other colours in all their brightness. At the same time, 25 shades of grey are available to these animals, which allows them to better hunt mice.

The difference in colour perception

Colour perception is an interesting scientific phenomenon that directly affects the physiological state. Different colours have different effects on adults and children. So the colours of the interior affect the state of health and physical activity of a person. Colour can calm the psyche or invigorates, improve mood or relieve stress. In colour perception, the duration and intensity of colour exposure are important.

Only knowing how specific colours work can you use them at home. At the same time, when decorating an apartment, colourists recommend taking into account the fact that your household will perceive colour shades differently depending on gender and age. So women are inherent in lighter, more delicate shades. Men choose monochrome, cold tones.

By itself, the colour represents sunlight reflected from the surface of objects. Light is electromagnetic wave radiation, which is decomposed depending on the wavelength into parts of the visible spectrum. The colour we perceive depends on the wavelength of the light.

The short-wavelength parts of the spectrum in the form of green, blue and cyan belong to the cold group of colours. Red, yellow and orange are long wave colours, that is, with a warm colour temperature.

Cold colours have a calming effect on the human psyche. They soothe, balance and make it possible to maintain a workable mood for a longer time. Well suited for rooms where you need to engage in intellectual work or work at a computer.

Warm colours have a tonic effect on the nervous system. However, their excess can act depressingly and put pressure on the psyche. Best of all, these colours are suitable for training rooms and sports facilities.

Groups of mixed colours blue-blue, green-blue, yellow-green and delicate shades of grey-green, grey-blue and turquoise have a particularly favourable pacifying effect on the psyche.

Features of the main colours in the interior

It is important to note that bright warm shades of the colour spectrum are used in the interior in a dosed manner. They are not suitable for all rooms and in large volumes can harm.


Designers adore this colour, it is not for nothing that it has become dominant in such interior design trends as Scandinavian, eco-style and minimalism. This colour is associated with spiritual transformation and purity. It will give you a feeling of freedom and peace. This colour is widely used in modern hamptons style furniture.

White is a neutral colour that can interact with any colour. Harmonizes with bright contrasting and pastel soft tones. It lets in more light and enlarges the space. Also, this colour hides bumps, scratches or dust.

In the kitchen, white is especially appropriate, as it has a beneficial effect on appetite and subconsciously convinces of the safety and quality of dishes.

This colour is considered background. In practice, it serves as the basis for creating design accents. A frequent combination is a background of white in combination with black.

Cold shades of this colour look great in sunny rooms. In dark rooms that use artificial lighting, warm colours work best.


It is impossible to imagine a shade of colour that grey could not match. This colour is considered universal in application. Gray is associated with stability, the desire for peace and the search for harmony. This colour will ennoble any space. You just need to remember about good lighting, without which dark shades of grey can negatively affect the psyche.

At the same time, grey tones give space to the room and fill it with cool freshness. Neutral grey is suitable for all rooms from the kitchen to the living room. Unlike white, which emphasizes contrasts, grey makes bright colours softer. Source: Therefore, in the bedroom, this colour contributes to a good rest.

Grey colour in combination with beige is considered a win-win option. A soft shade of grey sets off the beige colour sets. This is especially appropriate for the living room. Warm colours create a cosy atmosphere. Here, the following shades are perfectly combined with grey: milky, creamy, caramel, and creme brulee.


This vibrant colour is associated with extreme emotions of fear. Therefore, in the interior, this colour should be used with caution. It has been proven that the abundance of red increases blood pressure, and this colour stimulates the nervous and circulatory systems. This colour also enhances blood circulation, so rooms with red finishes always seem warmer.


This colour has a positive effect on the psyche, leads to tone and increases concentration. Yellow is the colour of solar energy and the awakening of creativity.

Most yellow can be used in a room with a lack of natural light. This colour is especially relevant for the office, the kitchen, hallway, bathroom or nursery. In the bedroom and living room, you want more relaxation, so only accent details in yellow are suitable here.


This is the colour of a cheerful mood. Orange is obtained by merging yellow and red. As a result, this colour embodies the best features of both its constituent colours.

Orange is stronger than yellow excites the psyche, charges positive and increases concentration. Along with this, colour has a positive effect on digestion and the endocrine system. Excesses of this colour can be tiring, so it is also worth using it carefully in the interior.


The black colour at first glance leads to gloomy thoughts, but it also needs to be used wisely. Initially, black, along with white, is considered neutral. This colour is used as a background colour to create accent spots of other colours on it. Black is a masculine colour and primarily allows you to create serious masculine interiors.

When a dark colour intersects with, say, brown, blue, or green, an interior with a predominance of black will stand out with depth and elegance.

The best combinations produce light shades of black that soften the dark background.

Luxurious accents are obtained by using gold, bronze and copper shades on a black background.

It is important to use more lighting when applying black backgrounds. This colour, like no other, helps to divide the space of a room or apartment into separate zones.

If you use only this colour, then, of course, it will overwhelm you. However, when properly combined with the rest of the colours of the spectrum, black helps create luxurious interiors.


This colour is used as the main and auxiliary in the living room. In the bedroom, lighter shades of this colour are better suited, which help to relax and unwind.

Pure green is used to create a cheerful interior. Dark shades in the form of a rich palette of green fern, and coniferous forest make the interior more respectable.


This colour is a symbol of the surf or cool refreshing rain. Sky blue shades push the boundaries and give an idea of ​​purity and renewal.

The light blue palette “pushes” the walls, making the room more spacious and fresh. Therefore, for small rooms it is ideal.

Thus, each colour level of the spectrum has its psychology and perception. Understanding how a particular colour affects a person allows you to create comfortable living conditions with the help of finishing materials. Designers are specially trained to manipulate colour nuances in the interior to reproduce the most successful colour combinations.

When choosing cladding and furniture for your apartment, pay attention to how certain colours affect you and your loved ones. And also look at the purpose of the room and what state you want to get – to relax or, on the contrary, tone yourself up. This is what will help you determine the colour tone of the room and achieve maximum comfort.