How to Assign an IP Address to Windows Computer

We can configure and assign an IP address to a host using the following two methods:

Statically

By using this method we assign an IP address to the host manually. It is important to assign and configure the correct IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway. Using this method we should also configure the DNS server IP address manually. Statically assigned addresses are usually used to find specific network resources, such as network servers and printers. They can also be used in smaller networks. In the larger and corporate networks, the static IP addressing is not liked too much. For setting a static IP address on a host using windows follow the following steps:

  • Click Start MenuControl Panel > Network and Sharing Center. (For Windows 8 and higher, search for and open Control Panel and select Network and Internet).
  • Click Change adapter settings. (as per figure 1)
  • Right Click on Interfaces required IP address configuration
  • Select and Click Properties
  • In the Connection Properties windows select and click Internet Protocol Version 4(TCP/IPv4) (as per figure 2)
  • Select “use the following IP address” (as per figure 2)
  • Fill the IP address, Subnet Mask, Default Gateway and DNS addresses. (as per figure 2)

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Dynamically

In this method, we are using the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to configure the IP address. The DHCP server provides a valid IP address, subnet mask, also a default gateway for end devices. The large networks use dedicated DHCP servers for providing services. In a smaller branch or small office setting, DHCP services can be provided by a Cisco Catalyst switch or a Cisco ISR. The home routers also provide DHCP services to home users. For setting a dynamic IP address on a host using windows follow the following steps:

  • Click Start MenuControl Panel > Network and Sharing Center. (For Windows 8 and higher, search for and open Control Panel and select Network And Internet).
  • Click Change adapter settings.
  • Right Click on Interfaces required IP address configuration
  • Select and Click Properties
  • In the Connection Properties windows select and click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4)
  • Click the “Obtain an IP address automatically” (as per Figure 3)

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